Since 1990, a total of 784 accidents involving transportation of dangerous goods within Classified Facilities have been recorded in the ARIA base. The percentage of this type of accident has nearly doubled over the past 10 years. The transport of dangerous goods is not a “productive” activity, but it remains vital to industrial operations. This fact sheet describes the risks associated to these activities and the meaures to be taken.
Commonly used to plug leaks on pipelines, seal boxes serve stop discharge flows without entirely shutting down production. Despite this advantage, several accidents have shown that this type of remedial action is not sustainable and moreover necessitates regular monitoring during operations while awaiting definitive repairs.
Several million tons of petroleum and chemical products, as well as billions of m³ of natural gas, are transported each year in the French pipeline network. The main characteristics of the accidents encountered, as well as the probability of occurrence of the leaks, are specified in the present fact sheet.
Natural gas distribution networks are regularly damaged by public works vehicles during road works in the city. This fact sheet shows the main accident scenarios affecting these structures. Significant accidents, in regard of their human and social consequences or their technical aspects, complete the analysis.
Collecting, consolidating or mixing and transportation of liquid waste is the cause of many accidents. By their nature, waste can indeed be "sensitive" materials with physico-chemical characteristics more or less identified, unlike those of raw material. The risks induced result from the emergence of dangerous chemical or biological reactions, sometimes untimely and violent, with sudden rise of temperature. Discover some cases of notable accidents in the fact sheet below.
In France, the three-quarters of the total tonnage of dangerous goods transported would be by road, 15% by rail and 3% by inland waterway, with pipeline transport accounting for a very small share. In 2009, 13.8 million tons of dangerous goods were transported by rail (79.4 Mt / road), i.e. 17% of rail freight; Transported 3 times out of 4 by whole trains, 95% of wagons being tank cars which transported 6 Mt of flammable liquids, 5.2 Mt of various chemicals and 2.6 Mt of compressed, liquefied or dissolved gases pressure. Discover in this fact sh [...]
While the delivery of hazardous materials by means of road transport onto an industrial site constitutes a relatively commonplace operation, all too often it leads to overly taxing the onsite reception capacities. In addition to generating economic losses, these discharges are potentially hazardous for both human health and the environment.