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Cybersecurity And Industry

Cybersecurity and industry

  • Study
A computer attack on an industrial control system (SCI) can cause an accident or a degraded operating mode in a factory. This document, with pedagogical vocation, illustrates through examples extracted from the ARIA database some cases that could lead to this kind of situation. In order to improve the security of the sites, a grid of questions completes the analysis as well as an item on cyber attacks types.
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Preventing And Minimising Acts Of Malicious Intent

Preventing and minimising acts of malicious intent

  • Fact sheet
Malicious acts may arise in number of ways within an industrial facility. Such acts may be perpetrated inside the company by a staff member or subcontractor. The notion of industrial facility itself perhaps needs to be broadened, especially in light of the vulnerability of ancillary installations located on city streets (electrical or gas control boxes). Moreover, a computer hacker does not need to physically be on company premises to carry out a malicious act. This fact sheet answers 2 questions : How is the risk of a malicious act manifested [...]
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Fire followed by explosions at a dangerous goods transport company

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

At about 6:30 a.m. on a Sunday, a fire was detected in a dangerous goods transport (DGT) company classified as a lower-tier SEVESO company. The fire broke out in a parked tanker lorry. With a capacity of 19 t, it contained just 1.5 t of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). The fire spread to several other tanker lorries. The fire brigade, contacted by a third party, arrived at the scene at 7 a.m. The operator initiated its internal emergency plan, while the emergency services established a security perimeter and sprayed water on the accident.

At 7: [...]

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Malicious Acts: Raising Awareness To Improve Prevention

Malicious acts: Raising awareness to improve prevention

  • Flash
Due to the goods and products they handle or the nuisances they create, industrial sites have long been the preferred targets for those with malicious intent: 4% of accidents occurring in classified facilities involve malicious intent. In light of this safety threat and given the often significant economic consequences from such aggressions, site operators must exhibit greater vigilance and draw lessons from past events. Malicious intent no longer lies in the realm of imponderable!
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Accident Study Findings On Malicious Acts Perpetrated In Industrial Facilities

Accident study findings on malicious acts perpetrated in industrial facilities

  • Study
Beyond criminal acts targeting “Seveso” installations and having a strong media impact, the fight against "ordinary malicious acts" is a stake for all operators! Indeed, 4% of accidents occurring in Classified Facilities are related to malicious acts. This accident cause, often overlooked in risk analyses and safety reports, therefore deserves to be dealt with. This synthesis report is based on an analysis of 850 accidents involving malicious acts.
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46801

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

Two explosions ripped through a petrochemical complex at night

The blasts occurred around 3 am in the storage zone of a petrochemical plant: 2 tanks ignited and their floating roofs were damaged. The 1st tank contained 11,300 m³ of pyrolysis gasoline (a mix of diesel, butene, toluene and butadiene). The 2nd tank, located 300 m away, was holding 48,000 m³ of naphtha. On-site fire-fighters, backed up by neighbouring facilities' response teams, arrived on the scene in large numbers. The complex operator activated the internal emergency plan and n [...]

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Fire At A Municipal Waste Sorting And Incineration Plant

Fire at a municipal waste sorting and incineration plant

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

A fire broke out at around 2:30 a.m. in a 2000 m² sorting building at a waste processing facility. The facility, which was commissioned in 2010, sits on an isolated 18 hectare plot in an industrial port area. Driven by the wind, the flames spread in a matter of minutes to an 8000 m² compost storage and ripening area (4000 tonnes of compost). Incandescent cinders, drawn into the fans used to keep the buildings at negative pressure, caused the fire to spread to the air handler and deodoriser (biofilters along 3000 m²). In less than one  [...]

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Fires And BLEVE Of LPG Tanker Lorries

Fires and BLEVE of LPG tanker lorries

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

At 8:24 pm, a passer-by noticed a cab fire in one of the three lorry tankers in a convoy transporting liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) that were parked at the premises of a landscaping firm. The fire quickly spread and around 9:15 pm, an initial blast occurred followed by one or several others; 2 of the 3 cisterns exploded (BLEVE-type incident), and the 3rd was thrown onto the roof of a neighbouring plant. The subsequent explosions and fires caused extensive property damage within a 900-m radius, including the destruction of 4 warehouses covering [...]

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Fire In A Tire Storage Facility

Fire in a tire storage facility

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

Around 9:50 am, fire burned through a stockpile of 5 million tyres, spreading to an 8-storey building also used as a warehouse. Thick black smoke was visible 40 km away. Six dwellings were evacuated and 35 individuals housed elsewhere. A safety perimeter was set up and a departmental highway closed to traffic. Fire-fighters prevented the fire from spreading to nearby dwellings and had it contained within 24 hours. The blaze was still smouldering 3 weeks later. It was anticipated to deposit earth on all ignited debris as well as at the base of t [...]

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Fire In A Refrigerated Warehouse

Fire in a refrigerated warehouse

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

A malicious fire broke out at 4.20 pm in a warehouse with 30,000 m² of covered area over two levels that housed archives and a reefer shed including a decommissioned refrigeration unit containing 5 tonnes of ammonia (NH3). The flame front reached 350 m just 15 min following the fire alert. A safety perimeter was established and significant emergency resources deployed including approximately 100 fire-fighters, 2 oceangoing tugs, etc. The evaporator-condenser units exploded in the fire, releasing 2 tonnes of NH3 gas into the atmosphere. A CMIC [...]

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