Accidents caused by incompatible mixtures are not limited to newly-produced chemicals! The end of their life cycle can also be a source of risk. Several recent events in France and abroad confirm this, sometimes with dramatic consequences. This flash focusses on this issue, underlying the failures at the origin of the accidents and making a few recommendations to avoid their occurrence.
The performance of lithium batteries and storage cells has expanded their areas of technical application (telephony, computers, electric vehicles, rechargeable hybrids and electric bicycles). This development is now resulting in an increase in the number of batteries and storage cells at the end of their service life that must be processed or recycled. But lithium batteries and cells are not harmless objects: the high reactivity of the metal means that their use and processing/recycling, present risks. This is illustrated by the following flash, [...]
Methanization is one of the key technologies of the circular economy and green growth. Within the framework of the Energy Transition Act, France has set itself the target of ensuring that 10% of the gas it consumes will originate from renewable sources by 2030. The development of methanization is one of the main levers to achieve this objective. The sector is expanding rapidly with 80 additional installations and the doubling of the production of biomethane injected into the natural gas networks in 2017. To achieve the objective by 2030, the Re [...]
The relative increase in disposal costs and regulatory requirements (an overall reduction in landfilling by 2025, and sorting at source of bio-waste) allow composting activities to continue to grow in France. This development is highly beneficial from an environmental standpoint, but it is accompanied by a significant increase in accidents in these activities. This document focuses on fires, the dominant hazardous phenomenon. The aim is to identify the vulnerabilities of these activities and propose measures to prevent and protect against accid [...]
The handling of an industrial accident is often rife with obstacles, e.g. water supply constraints, inappropriate response protocol in light of product properties, inefficient information provided by bystanders... 6.5% of all accidents recorded at France's classified sites have experienced major difficulties during emergency responses. This fact sheet offers a sampling of the errors to avoid and serves to better anticipate response difficulties, by drawing from an analysis of 395 events post-2010.
Waste management activities are not only a potential source of chronic risks (atmospheric pollution, olfactory or noise nuisances, etc.), they may also be responsible for the risk of accidents!
This study, based on the analysis of 1100 accidents that occured over a 10-years period (2005-2014), draws an overview of accidental situations occuring in waste management activities.
Collecting, consolidating or mixing and transportation of liquid waste is the cause of many accidents. By their nature, waste can indeed be "sensitive" materials with physico-chemical characteristics more or less identified, unlike those of raw material. The risks induced result from the emergence of dangerous chemical or biological reactions, sometimes untimely and violent, with sudden rise of temperature. Discover some cases of notable accidents in the fact sheet below.