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Management of cross-border effect accidents by the Industrial Accidents Convention

  • Fact sheet
The Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents (Industrial Accidents Convention, or the Convention) is one of the five multilateral environmental agreements hosted by The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE). Its first version was signed on 18 March 1992 in Helsinki by 27 Parties. At the beginning of 2015 it counted 41 Parties among ECE Member States. It provides a legal framework towards coordination and cooperation to prevent, be prepared for and respond to industrial accidents, especially those with transb [...]
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Explosion of inflammable gas in a Chemical plant

  • Accident report
  • ETATS-UNIS

In a PVC plant, an MVC leak ignited causing a (UVCE-type) explosion. The plant comprised 2 production buildings, one housing a boiler room and maintenance workshop, the other the laboratory, offices and warehouse, along with a series of MVC tanks (four with 180-m³ capacity) and a warehouse annex. The buildings were all equipped with sprinklers. Building V-1 had 20 7.5-m3 capacity polymerisation reactors, each fitted with a window. During this Sunday's daytime shift, the opaque window glass on Reactor 4 was replaced. The reactor was reloaded wit [...]

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Landslide Over A Dam

Landslide over a dam

  • Accident report
  • ITALIE

At 10:39 pm, the landslide of a portion of Mount Toc sent 260 million m3 of earth and rock hurtling at more than 90 km/h into the full reservoir adjoining the Vajont Dam. The falling rock nearly instantaneously filled the storage reservoir. Two waves, containing 25 million m3 of water each, unfurled both downstream and upstream of the reservoir. The water rose above the dam crest, forming a wave higher than 150 metres that rushed into the gorge in the direction of downstream, town of Longarone.

The thrust of this water mass into the very narrow [...]

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Explosion In A Nitrogenous Fertiliser Plant

Explosion in a nitrogenous fertiliser plant

  • Accident report
  • ALLEMAGNE

At a chemical plant, an explosion destroyed a building storing 4,500 tonnes of a 50-50 composition of ammonium sulphate-nitrate, forming a crater 90 m wide, 125 m long and 20 m deep. Shortly thereafter, a series of fires broke out on the facilities, caused by a domino effect, amidst other explosions of lesser intensity. Heard more than 275 km away, the detonation created panic among the local population. A dark green cloud blanketed the sky over the region, and the telegraph and telecommunications infrastructure was destroyed. The extent of dam [...]

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