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Anticipating Emergency Response Difficulties

Anticipating emergency response difficulties

  • Fact sheet
The handling of an industrial accident is often rife with obstacles, e.g. water supply constraints, inappropriate response protocol in light of product properties, inefficient information provided by bystanders... 6.5% of all accidents recorded at France's classified sites have experienced major difficulties during emergency responses. This fact sheet offers a sampling of the errors to avoid and serves to better anticipate response difficulties, by drawing from an analysis of 395 events post-2010.
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Explosion of a tank of alcohol in a vinegar factory under development

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

In a 3,000 m² vinegar factory, a 150 m³ tank containing 40 m³ of alcohol vinegar exploded at around 9:40 a.m. while undergoing welding work. The tank, measuring 13 m in height and 4 m in diameter, was projected like a missile. It flew through the roof and landed 80 m from the building, on the Nîmes-Grau du Roi railway line. The emergency rescue services took 2 injured employees to the hospital, one of whom had been badly burned. Rail traffic was interrupted. The spilt alcohol was collected in the holding tank. The building adjoining the [...]

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Bases For An Accident Study On The Inerting Process Practiced In Silos

Bases for an accident study on the inerting process practiced in silos

  • Study
The use of an inerting process is a means of intervention used in a fire in grain silos. However, it remains uncommon. As part of its work, the BARPI wrote a synthesis on this process based on the accidents contained in the ARIA database. This synthesis addresses the following issues : What are the conditions of use of these devices and what are the difficulties experienced by those that are involved in the implementation of these devices?
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Anticipating Fire And Explosion Risks In Wood Silos

Anticipating fire and explosion risks in wood silos

  • Flash
Over the past 3 years, more than 40 fires involving silos containing wood chips or sawdust have been recorded in the ARIA database. In such instances, operational difficulties are commonly encountered by emergency services (lengthy interventions, vulnerability of storage structures, etc.). Each response is therefore unique and requires comprehensive knowledge of all potential risks.
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Accidents In Confined Spaces

Accidents in confined spaces

  • Study
Many industrial accidents involve work conducted within confined areas, where the primary risk has been generated by the latent or accidental presence of an either flammable, toxic or simply oxygen-deficient atmosphere. The objective of this analysis is to build awareness among actors. It relies upon an analysis of 80 illustrative accidents selected from the ARIA database that involve classified facilities.
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Accidents Associated With Cattle Farming Activities

Accidents associated with cattle farming activities

  • Study
The present analysis is based on 2,686 events recorded between January 1st, 1992 and August 31st, 2009 in relation to farming activities of beef cattle, pigs, rabbits, poultry and game birds. The purpose of this document is to characterise general accident trends, with an emphasis on drawing lessons to assist actors in the field of risk prevention.
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Silos Storing Plant Products

Silos storing plant products

  • Flash
We need to pay special attention to the circumstances under which accidents in silos storing plant products take place. Experience shows that the frequency of accidents is far higher during the working phase including the preventive or curative maintenance, change, assembly or disassembly of facilities. This is also true for both staff technicians carrying out operations in the silo and subcontractors working in a sector where the risks are often underestimated.
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Explosion Of A Wood Chip Refiner And Fire

Explosion of a wood chip refiner and fire

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

At 6.10 am, a wood dust explosion rocked a panel manufacturing plant in a 360 m³ silo containing 30 m³ of dry chips (silo A). The accident occurred while the reservoir was being emptied, just 5 days after an earlier fire at the site (ARIA No. 28990). The silo involved in this accident is adjacent to a second dry chip silo (silo B) having a capacity of 360 m³.The production crew and the site's firemen initiated the manual water injection systems inside and around silos A and B and inside the redler conveyors that supply silo A. The 30 external [...]

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Explosion In A Silo

Explosion in a silo

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

In a cattle-feed plant during the ensilage of rape oil cakes, an explosion occurred on the return leg of a bucket elevator inside a horizontal silo while maintenance works (grinding and welding on a Redler conveyor) were ongoing in a shared room occupied by several material handling devices. Secondary blasts detonated both inside the elevator and on the adjoining storage zone. Fire broke out in the dust accumulated on the ground and structures. The 2 employees carrying out the ensilage operation were severely burned; one of them died several mo [...]

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Fatal Accident Due To Asphyxia By H2S

Fatal accident due to asphyxia by H2S

  • Accident report
  • FRANCE

Gases rich in hydrogen sulphide (H2S) killed 2 employees at a natural algae-based food additive factory.

The insoluble fractions derived from the gelling agent extraction process, not directly usable in the finished product, are recovered on a filtering soil (perlite) then pressed. The filter cakes are then lixiviated (a salt removal process) on 0.5 ha of land prior to composting. The drippings flow into 2 sumps, one of which is equipped with an effluent lifting pump for treatment at a processing station. The discharge hose sometimes disconnect [...]

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