The group outbreak of Legionnaire's Disease in the Lisbon suburbs in 2014 has provided a sad reminder: the propagation of legionellae within the water circuits of cooling towers is a likely scenario and one capable of causing major health impacts whenever water droplets are dispersed from these towers. The regulatory regime for preventing the risk of legionellae stemming from cooling towers has been substantially modified. The regulations currently in effect in France are considered by experts to be among the most elaborate. Nonetheless, new cas [...]
Events with cross-border effects are, by definition, of significant magnitude and, for the majority of them, are major accidents. 28 events registered in the ARIA database are identified as belonging to this category, 23 of which occurred in the territory of the present European Union. This document details the characteristics of the events and outlines the lessons learnt.
Date of the document: December 2014.
The Water Framework Directive of December 2000 which commits the countries of the European Union with a goal of regaining the quality of the water and the aquatic environments by 2015, supposes a better protection of these environments against any type of pollution. In the event of failure of the preventive measures, accidental releases of liquid hydrocarbons may pollute streams, reach underground aquifers, estuaries, coastlines and permanently alter aquatic fauna and flora or threaten the natural resource used for the production of drinking wa [...]
Pollution of the ground or of the atmosphere, contamination of food resources are some consequences of the immediate or delayed effects of a toxic or polluting substance release to the environment. The technical management of this situations and the resulting crises are sometimes delicate. This fact sheet illustrates this theme through a few notable examples.
Date of the document: November 2011.